Mt. Zion A.M.E.

Mt. Zion AME Church, Jacksonville, Florida
Mt. Zion AME Church, Jacksonville, Florida

Mount Zion A.M.E. Church is a Romanesque style building in downtown Jacksonville, Florida.  It was built in 1905 and features the original pipe organ and elaborate stained glass.  It’s included on the National Register of Historic Places.

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Immaculate Conception

Immaculate Conception Catholic Church, Jacksonville, Florida
Immaculate Conception Catholic Church, Jacksonville, Florida

The Basilica of The Immaculate Conception is a Late Victorian Gothic church in downtown Jacksonville, Florida.  The first church was built of wood and dedicated in the mid 1800’s.  In 1901, the church was one of over 2300 buildings destroyed by the city’s “Great Fire”, though the large statue of Virgin Mary remained in place.

immaculate conception 1901
Immaculate Conception, 1901

Today’s Basilica was built in 1910 primarily of Kentucky limestone.  Stained glass windows imported from Germany also highlighted the new building, which was the tallest in Jacksonville at the time.  A more detailed history is included on the church’s website.  It’s also included on the National Register of Historic Places.

Georgia Churches

New Ogeechee Missionary Baptist Church, Savannah, Georgia
New Ogeechee Missionary Baptist Church, Savannah, Georgia

I’m still trying to add the last of the Georgia churches I’ve photographed so far for the project, so I’ll include several miscellaneous sites here.

New Ogeechee Missionary Baptist Church is a historic rural church on the outskirts of Savannah, Georgia.  Listed now on the National Register of Historic Places, it was built in 1893 for the African-American population of the area.  Although the congregation’s numbers are relatively small today, it’s still an active church.  It’s located not far from another historic church included previously (St. Bartholomew Episcopal).

Greater St. James Temple, A.M.E. Church, Savannah, Georgia
Greater St. James Temple, A.M.E. Church, Savannah, Georgia

Located on the edge of Savannah’s downtown historic district, Greater St. James Temple, A.M.E. church has an interesting style.

Nicholsonville Baptist Church, Savannah, Georgia
Nicholsonville Baptist Church, Savannah, Georgia

Another Savannah church on the National Register, Nicholsonville Baptist dates from 1890.  The original members of the church were former slaves from a plantation on St. Catherines Island in Liberty County.  There’s a slightly older church on the property (below), but it is in a more deteriorated condition.

Nicholsonville Baptist Church, Savannah, Georgia
White Bluff Baptist, circa 1870

 

Asbury African Methodist Episcopal, Screven County, Georgia
Asbury African Methodist Episcopal, Screven County, Georgia

Asbury African Methodist Episcopal Church is in rural Screven County and another that I stopped quickly as I passed through the area.  There’s a placard on the right side of the church that dates the congregation to 1910.

First Elizabeth Baptist Church, Brooks County, Georgia
First Elizabeth Baptist Church, Brooks County, Georgia

First Elizabeth Baptist Church is very close to some other Brooks County churches visited (Grooverville Methodist and Liberty Baptist).

omaha-georgia-church

I was in Omaha, Georgia just before the state line with Alabama and visited a few churches in the small town.  The Baptist and Methodist churches were included previously, but this one on 5th Avenue had no name.

Immanuel House of Prayer, Darien, Georgia
Immanuel House of Prayer, Darien, Georgia

Immanuel House of Prayer is in Darien, Georgia. Originally it was known as Grace Baptist Church and is from the early 20th century (circa 1915).

Immanuel House of Prayer, Darien, Georgia
Immanuel House of Prayer, Darien, Georgia

 

More Georgia Churches

Sacred Heart Catholic Church, Augusta, Georgia (Richmond County)
Sacred Heart Catholic Church, Augusta, Georgia (Richmond County)

More Georgia churches to add, but this time with more elaborate brick buildings than the normal wood structures.  Considered a Victorian Romanesque style, Sacred Heart Catholic Church is in Augusta, Georgia.  With twin spires, extensive detail, and even stained glass windows imported from Munich, Germany, the building is one of the most interesting in the city.  The Parish dates from 1874 and they built this church in 1898.

First United Methodist Church, Cordele, Georgia (Crisp County)
First United Methodist Church, Cordele, Georgia (Crisp County)

Organized in 1887, Cordele’s First UMC first built a church in 1891.   They quickly outgrew the initial building and built this brick structure in 1914.

Holy Trinity Greek Orthodox Church, Augusta, Georgia
Holy Trinity Greek Orthodox Church, Augusta, Georgia

The Greek population in Augusta, Georgia organized a church in 1911 and built this brick building in 1921.  It’s considered the oldest Greek Orthodox church in the southeast.

First Baptist Church, Elberton, Georgia (Elbert County)
First Baptist Church, Elberton, Georgia (Elbert County)

The cornerstone of First Baptist Church in Elberton, Georgia was laid in 1897.  The church organized in 1860 and has had several significant additions over the years as the church has continued to expand.

Woodville Baptist, Greene County, Georgia
Woodville Baptist, Greene County, Georgia

Built in 1913, Woodville Baptist has some Gothic Revival elements and is located in a railroad community in Greene County.  There’s also a cemetery in the rear of the church.  The church is included on the National Register of Historic Places.

Georgia Churches

Cooper Baptist Church, Twin City, Georgia (Emanuel County)
Cooper Baptist Church, Twin City, Georgia (Emanuel County)

When driving through much of Georgia, you’ll regularly find semi-isolated churches.  Although most are difficult to uncover much of their history, I added a few of them here, including Cooper Baptist Church at the edge of Twin City, Georgia.

Black Creek Baptist Church, Screven County, Georgia
Black Creek Baptist Church, Screven County, Georgia

Black Creek Baptist Church is in Screven County, Georgia and was established in 1912 according to a sign near the front entrance.  There’s a cemetery behind the church with about 100 graves.

Rural Church, Screven County, Georgia
Rural Church, Screven County, Georgia

This little church in Screven Couunty didn’t even have a sign with its name out front.

First McCanaan Baptist Church, Burke County, Georgia
First McCanaan Baptist Church, Burke County

McCanaan Missionary Baptist Church is near Sardis, Gerogia and is included on the National Register of Historic Places.   The church served the black sharecroppers that remained in the area after slavery was ended.  The church was built in 1912 (replacing two earlier churches built in 1875 and the 1890s) and has some Gothic Revival features.  There were some modifications to the exterior in the more recent decades, including the addition of a flat-roof porch.  A cemetery was established in the 1930s.

Mt. Sinai Holiness Church, Oliver, Georgia (Screven County)
Mt. Sinai Holiness Church, Oliver, Georgia (Screven County)

Another small church, Mt. Sinai Holiness is just east of Oliver, Georgia.  It was established pretty recently, but it had an authentic look and this brightly painted sign nailed to nearby pine tree, so I stopped for some photos.

Mt. Sinai Holiness Church, Oliver, Georgia (Screven County)

Kershaw Churches

Unity Baptist Church, Kershaw, South Carolina (Kershaw County)
Unity Baptist Church, Kershaw, South Carolina

Kershaw, South Carolina was one of the wealthiest towns in the state in the mid 1800’s.  It was originally a gathering place for the farmers in the area but was largely destroyed towards the end of the Civil War. Another rebuilding phase occurred in the early 1900’s and included a pair of churches shown here.  I passed through last Sunday afternoon and was invited inside both churches so I was able to get a shot of the interiors.

Unity Baptist Church was organized in 1909 and is on East Sumter Street.  The Gothic Revival church building was completed a year later and was the second black church in town.  The interior of the church has many original features including the coved ceiling.  It was added to the National Register of Historic Places in 1990.

Unity Baptist Church, Kershaw, South Carolina (Kershaw County)

Interior, Unity Baptist Church

Clinton Chapel A.M.E. Zion Church, Kershaw South Carolina

Clinton Chapel A.M.E. Zion Church, Kershaw South Carolina

The oldest African-American congregation in town is Clinton Chapel A.M.E. Zion.  The church was named for a former slave who was an A.M.E. minister.  The church below was built in 1909. Included as part of the Lancaster County entry, it’s also on the National Register.

Clinton Chapel A.M.E. Zion Church, Kershaw South Carolina (Kersh
Interior, Clinton Chapel A.M.E. Zion Church
Clinton Chapel A.M.E. Zion Church, Kershaw South Carolina (Kersh
Clinton Chapel A.M.E., date unrecorded

 

St. Thomas Episcopal

St. Thomas Episcopal Church, Richland County, South Carolina
St. Thomas Episcopal Church, Richland County, South Carolina

St. Thomas Episcopal Church was founded as a mission church for former slaves following the Civil War.  The church is in a wooded area not far from the small town of Eastover, South Carolina.  Listed on the National Register of Historic Places, the history of the church explains that black membership in the Episcopal church fell significantly after the Civil War.  A wealthy local planter was appointed to try and maintain that membership in the area and so built a chapel (Saul Chapel) on his plantation.  Soon after, a Sunday School was started for the local black children.  The chapel burned down in 1891 and was rebuilt as St. Thomas in 1893.  The church is still in use today and there is a cemetery on the grounds with what looked like mostly recent graves.