Evergreen Congregational

Evergreen United Church of Christ, Evergreen, Georgia, Thomas County
Evergreen United Church of Christ, Evergreen, Georgia, Grady County.

Evergreen Congregational Church and School are in Grady County located in southern Georgia.  It was originally organized in 1903, demolished in 1925, and rebuilt in 1928 along with a one-classroom school (1911).  The church is listed on the National Register due to the historic nature and importance in the rural African-American community in this region of the state.  A former mayor of Atlanta (Andrew Young) was also pastor here for a few years.  A thorough history of the church is listed on the National Park Service website at this link.

Glass Window, Evergreen United Church of Christ, Evergreen, Georgia
Glass Window, Evergreen United Church of Christ, Evergreen, Georgia
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Mt. Olive Baptist

Mount Olive Baptist Church, Nassau County, Florida
Mount Olive Baptist Church, Nassau County, Florida

Mount Olive Baptist Church is on State Road 107 near Yulee, in northeastern Florida.  Now included on the National Register of Historic Places, the small church was built in 1920.  It was the second building for a congregation started by an African-Seminole named Moses Hupue around 1870.  The early services were a blend of Indian and African traditions but later the Christian practices were adopted more consistently.  The first church was destroyed by either a fire or a storm and later, the current vernacular structure was completed.  Electricity was added in the 1960’s, but by the 1970’s, the church struggled to survive.  Eventually it ended its run as a church and now serves mostly for community meetings.

Mount Olive Baptist Church, Nassau County, Florida
Mount Olive Baptist Church

St. Benedict the Moor

St. Benedict the Moor Catholic Church, St. Augustine, Florida
St. Benedict the Moor Catholic Church, St. Augustine, Florida

St. Benedict the Moor is a mission Catholic Church in St. Augustine, Florida.  The Heritage sign in front of the 1911 church reads:

This block of property owned by the Catholic Church contains three historic buildings that embody an important part of African American heritage of St. Augustine.  It was part of “Yallaha” orange grove plantation before the Civil War and was conveyed to the church by the Dumas family in 1890.  The first building constructed in 1898 was the school, originally called St. Cecilia, later St. Benedict.  It is the oldest surviving brick schoolhouse in St. Augustine.  With a tower and original wraparound porch, it was a landmark of Victorian architecture.  It was the gift of Mother Katharine Drexel (1858-1955), a wealthy Philadelphia heiress who founded the Sisters of the Blessed Sacrament for Indians and Colored People and established more than 60 parochial schools around the country.  On October 1, 2000, Pope John Paul II named Mother Drexel a saint, and two St. Augustinians attended the canonization ceremony at the Vatican.  The Sisters of St. Joseph, a teaching order that was brought here in 1866, operated St. Benedict School.  They were involved in a celebrated civil rights case when, on Easter Sunday 1916, three of the nuns-sisters were arrested for violating a 1913 passed Florida law that made it a criminal offense for whites to teach in a black school.  They were released when a judge ruled the law did not apply to private schools.  After serving many generations of students (of several religions) from kindergarten through eighth grade, St. Benedict School was closed in 1964 when local Catholic schools were integrated.  St. Benedict the Moor Church, on the north end of the property was begun in 1909 and completed in 1911.  The church was named for a Sicilian friar (1526-1589) who was known as “The Holy Negro” for his charitable work and canonized in 1807.  The red brick rectory building was constructed in 1915, and for many years housed the Josephite Fathers out of Baltimore who pastored here.  Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. visited the rectory in 1964.”

Mt. Zion A.M.E.

Mt. Zion AME Church, Jacksonville, Florida
Mt. Zion AME Church, Jacksonville, Florida

Mount Zion A.M.E. Church is a Romanesque style building in downtown Jacksonville, Florida.  It was built in 1905 and features the original pipe organ and elaborate stained glass.  It’s included on the National Register of Historic Places.

Georgia Churches

New Ogeechee Missionary Baptist Church, Savannah, Georgia
New Ogeechee Missionary Baptist Church, Savannah, Georgia

I’m still trying to add the last of the Georgia churches I’ve photographed so far for the project, so I’ll include several miscellaneous sites here.

New Ogeechee Missionary Baptist Church is a historic rural church on the outskirts of Savannah, Georgia.  Listed now on the National Register of Historic Places, it was built in 1893 for the African-American population of the area.  Although the congregation’s numbers are relatively small today, it’s still an active church.  It’s located not far from another historic church included previously (St. Bartholomew Episcopal).

Greater St. James Temple, A.M.E. Church, Savannah, Georgia
Greater St. James Temple, A.M.E. Church, Savannah, Georgia

Located on the edge of Savannah’s downtown historic district, Greater St. James Temple, A.M.E. church has an interesting style.

Nicholsonville Baptist Church, Savannah, Georgia
Nicholsonville Baptist Church, Savannah, Georgia

Another Savannah church on the National Register, Nicholsonville Baptist dates from 1890.  The original members of the church were former slaves from a plantation on St. Catherines Island in Liberty County.  There’s a slightly older church on the property (below), but it is in a more deteriorated condition.

Nicholsonville Baptist Church, Savannah, Georgia
White Bluff Baptist, circa 1870

 

Asbury African Methodist Episcopal, Screven County, Georgia
Asbury African Methodist Episcopal, Screven County, Georgia

Asbury African Methodist Episcopal Church is in rural Screven County and another that I stopped quickly as I passed through the area.  There’s a placard on the right side of the church that dates the congregation to 1910.

First Elizabeth Baptist Church, Brooks County, Georgia
First Elizabeth Baptist Church, Brooks County, Georgia

First Elizabeth Baptist Church is very close to some other Brooks County churches visited (Grooverville Methodist and Liberty Baptist).

omaha-georgia-church

I was in Omaha, Georgia just before the state line with Alabama and visited a few churches in the small town.  The Baptist and Methodist churches were included previously, but this one on 5th Avenue had no name.

Immanuel House of Prayer, Darien, Georgia
Immanuel House of Prayer, Darien, Georgia

Immanuel House of Prayer is in Darien, Georgia. Originally it was known as Grace Baptist Church and is from the early 20th century (circa 1915).

Immanuel House of Prayer, Darien, Georgia
Immanuel House of Prayer, Darien, Georgia

 

Kershaw Churches

Unity Baptist Church, Kershaw, South Carolina (Kershaw County)
Unity Baptist Church, Kershaw, South Carolina

Kershaw, South Carolina was one of the wealthiest towns in the state in the mid 1800’s.  It was originally a gathering place for the farmers in the area but was largely destroyed towards the end of the Civil War. Another rebuilding phase occurred in the early 1900’s and included a pair of churches shown here.  I passed through last Sunday afternoon and was invited inside both churches so I was able to get a shot of the interiors.

Unity Baptist Church was organized in 1909 and is on East Sumter Street.  The Gothic Revival church building was completed a year later and was the second black church in town.  The interior of the church has many original features including the coved ceiling.  It was added to the National Register of Historic Places in 1990.

Unity Baptist Church, Kershaw, South Carolina (Kershaw County)

Interior, Unity Baptist Church

Clinton Chapel A.M.E. Zion Church, Kershaw South Carolina

Clinton Chapel A.M.E. Zion Church, Kershaw South Carolina

The oldest African-American congregation in town is Clinton Chapel A.M.E. Zion.  The church was named for a former slave who was an A.M.E. minister.  The church below was built in 1909. Included as part of the Lancaster County entry, it’s also on the National Register.

Clinton Chapel A.M.E. Zion Church, Kershaw South Carolina (Kersh
Interior, Clinton Chapel A.M.E. Zion Church
Clinton Chapel A.M.E. Zion Church, Kershaw South Carolina (Kersh
Clinton Chapel A.M.E., date unrecorded